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Knowledge And Perceptions of Novel Corona Virus (COVID19) Among Healthcare Workers In Secondary HealthCare Facility Hadejia Jigawa State By Ibrahim I.M, Kamilu A. and Murtala H.H
Date Posted: 20/Aug/2020
Abstract  
Coronavirus (CoV) infections are emerging respiratory viruses that are known to cause illness ranging from the common cold to severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) [Yin Y et. al 2018]. CoV is a zoonotic pathogen that can be transmitted via human-to-human interactions [Guan X et. al 2020]. Health care workers (HCWs) are the primary sector in contact with patients and are an important source of exposure to infected cases in health care settings; thus, HCWs are expected to be at high risk of infection. The study used descriptive type of cross-sectional design and a convenient sampling technique was adopted in assessing the knowledge and perceptions of HCWs on COVID 19.A structured self-administered questionnaire was the instrument used for data collection from 61 HCWs. The objective of the study is to assess HCWs knowledge on novel corona virus and to determine health care workers perception on novel corona virus; data collected for this study was analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 20. Data were presented using Descriptive statistics, simple frequency tables and percentages. The results of the questionnaire relating to HCWs perceptions were summarized, and it showed that there were few (34.5%) positive perceptions on COVID 19 among HCWs working in Hadejia General Hospital. 
 
Keywords; Knowledge, Perceptions,   Corona Virus (COVID-19),   
 

Introduction  

Coronavirus (CoV) infections are emerging respiratory viruses that are known to cause illness ranging from the common cold to severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) Yin   et. al., (2018). CoV is a zoonotic pathogen that can be transmitted via animalto-human and human-to-human interactions [Guan   et. al., 2020]. Multiple epidemic outbreaks occurred in 2002 (SARS), with approximately 800 deaths, and in 2012 (Middle East respiratory syndrome Coronavirus, MERS-CoV), with 860 deaths Li Q et. al., (2020).

About 8 years after the MERS-CoV epidemic, the current outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in Wuhan City, Hubei Province, China, has emerged as a global outbreak and significant public health issue Lai C et. al, (2020).

On January 30, 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared COVID-19 a public health emergency of international concern   astonishingly, during the first week of March, a devastating number of new cases were reported globally, and COVID-19 emerged as a pandemic. As of March 12, 2020, more than 125,000 confirmed cases across 118 countries and over 4600 deaths had been reported [WHO 2020]. 2019, has rapidly spread to almost every region of the world. The disease is caused by a new and severe type of Coronavirus known as severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). 

The Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) outbreak is still evolving globally and remains a Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC). Like many other Member States around the world, Indonesia is preparing to respond to additional cases and possible widespread transmission of the disease.

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1 Hadejia general hospital Jigawa state 

2 School of Midwifery, Jigawa state college of nursing and midwifery Birnin kudu 
3 School of Nursing, Jigawa state college of nursing and midwifery Birnin kudu 
 
Corresponding author: Ibrahim I.M., alhajibrahim50@gmail.com, +2347066005534 
 
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