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Occupational Risk and Hazards related Nurses Working in Central Hospital Warri, Nigeria
Date Posted: 04/Jan/2017
By Udogwu Felix RN-MSN Nursing, Texila American University, Nigeria
Texila International Journal of Nursing
Volume 2, Issue 2, Dec 2016
Nursing is a risky and hazardous occupation in the developing countries, but little is known about the occupational risk and hazards facing the nursing work force in Nigeria. In this article, the purpose is to identify some of the work-related risk and hazards among a sample of nurses in central hospital warri. 
Cross-sectional data were collected through a self-administered survey in the hospital facilities. 25 questionnaires was submitted, 22 Nurses returned theirs (88%) Measures included four categories: work-related demographics, occupational risk /illness, reporting behaviour, and safety awareness. 
From the study, the result shows that Nurse who are not satisfy with the working conditions (working environment, safety measures, staff shortage, etc), at the Hospital has 78.9%, Over 85% are faced with extreme pressure at work, while 57.89% report any work-related health risk and hazards to the hospital authorities, 80%, of the sample of nurses experienced fatigue (temporal loss of strength and energy from hard physical/mental work. While 50% of Nurses experience low back pain and are regularly exposed to contagious pathogens/agent the results also revealed that 70% of the nurses claim they work under unclean working environments. 15% of nurses are exposed to radiation as stated in the data collected, another 20 % have been involved in electrical shock accident. 85% of Nurses understand their role in the safety and health management system, while 65% of nurses say that the management team do not regularly inspect the hospital. 
Future research should examine a factor which leads to risks and strengthen policies?
Keywords: Risk, Nurses, hazards Ergonomics, Nigeria
The purpose of this study is identify some of the occupational health risks and hazards that are associated in public hospitals in Nigeria using central hospital Warri, in Delta State as a study centre. The main issues that this study is about to address is the mechanism in curtailing the numerous concerns and issues that make the nurse not to enjoy their day to day operation, the non setting of systems that capture health care-specific exposures among nurses is another problem that are needed to be tackled in this research work. The none and well defined policies for the training of new and old nursing staff working in public hospital need to implementing in the area of educational and training strategies that focuses on workplace risk,hazards,health and safety. Given the risk, hazards, concerns, working environment and conditions that nurses in the public hospital report, advocacy is needed at the national and organizational levels for the enforcement of occupational health and safety policies.
Additionally, the central hospital management team, the nursing leadership of the hospital should identify priority areas for research and can partner with researchers to investigate these problems. The best and practicable solution to be used to solve this problem, because of the peculiar situation in our country as relate to our economic issues is for the hospital management to look in house for those professional who has additional knowledge on health safety and environment to immediately initiate internal and external training for all nurses to make them be aware of some of the inherent risk and hazards that are associated in their day to day operation as nurses. Personal protective equipment like nose mask, hand gloves, aprons. Simple hand tools and equipment should be provided for the short term. While a long term solution should be focused on a well grounded health, safety, environment and security policies and plan that will govern the health care worker in central hospital,
Study location
The hospital used for this study is a public health institution, which is located in Warri, south local government area of Delta, Nigeria. It is in the south - south part of Nigeria, in the coastal region. The hospital has about 247 beds.
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