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ASSESSMENT OF THE KNOWLEDGE AND PRACTICE OF PSYCHOTHERAPY AMONG NURSES IN THE MANAGEMENT OF PSYCHIATRIC PATIENTS
Date Posted: 26/May/2014
AUTHORS: 
Gimba, Solomon Musa,
Emmanuel, Andy
Mangai, Mafuyai joseph
Ekwe Chidi, 
Department of Nursing Science,
Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of Jos
 
and 
 
Afoi, Barry Baldi
College of Nursing and Midwifery, Kafanchan, 
Corresponding Author: Gimba, Solomon Musa
Department of Nursing Science
Faculty of Medical Sciences
University of Jos
 
INTERANTIONAL PROFESSIONAL NURSING JOURNAL
April 2014
Volume 12, No.2
Pages: 48 - 54

ABSTRACT: Background:psychotherapy is a vital tool in the managment of mental, emotional disturbances and disorders using psychological methods. A good knowledge and utilization of same by nurses over time have proven to maximise both cost and duration of stay of patients with mental, emotional disturbances and disorders in the hospital.
 
METHODS: A non experimental design was used to assess the knowlege and practise of psychotherapy among 120 nurses in JUTH and VCH through the use of a self structured questionnaire.
 
RESULTS: The researc found out that 100percent of respondents have heard of psychotherapy, 87% were aware of psychiatric nursing being an area of specializtion, 94% of the respondents agreed that psychotherapy refers to techniques and methods used in treating patients who are experiencing difficulties with their emotions. 61% see psychotherapy as one of the best methods used in the management of psychiatric disorders. 
 
The researchers also discovered that 73% of the respondents have performed psychotherapy, 65% of the respondents usually support the communication of the prognonsis of psychotherapy, and 76% said they usually combine psychotherapy with drugs. 88% of the respondents said the lenght of psychotherapy depended on the complexity and severity of the problems. 74% of the respondents udually communicate the prognosis or the outcome of psychotherapy to theri patients among which 57& communicates it to the family first before the patient. 
 
The tested hypotheses proved that there is a significant relationship between the knowledge on and practice of psychotherapy among the nurses contrary to the researchers earlier observation. The researcher concluded that the nurses knowledge and practice was adequate

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