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INFLUENCE OF PERSONALITY TRAITS ON EFFECTIVENESS OF NURSES
Date Posted: 12/Apr/2014
AUTHORS: 
Dr. Horsfall, Abigail Ngowari
Department of Nursing Science, Faculty of Clinical Sciences, 
College of Health Sciences, University of Port Harcourt.
 
INTERNATIONAL PROFESSIONAL NURSING JOURNAL
January 2013
Volume 11 NO.1
Pages: 21-27

ABSTRACT: This study examined the influence of personality and demographic variables on effectiveness of nurses in both general hospitals and teaching hospitals in Rivers State. A correlational design was used to examine the relationship between personality trait and effectiveness of nurses. By means of proportional stratified sampling techniques, 600 nurses were selected for the study. A personality assessment questionnaire (PAQ) and job performance appraisal form (JPAF), with a reliability value of 0.97 and validity value of 0.72 was used for data collection.

The mena, analysis of variance (ANOVA), Post hoc multiple comparism, sheffe, were used for testing the hypothesis at 0.05 level of significance. Findings revealed that the selected personality traits namely: extraversion, openness to experience, agreeableness and conscientiousness influenced nurses effectiveness on the job. While personality traits of neuroticism had negative relationship on the nurses effectiveness on the job.
 
Also the selected demographic variables namely: status, years of experience, age influenced nurses effectiveness on the job. Results further reveals that personality trait of neuroticism have a negative influences on effectiveness of nurses on the job.
 
Based on the findings, it was recommended that the nurses managers should see the result of this study as a reason to modify present supervisory method on nurses assigned to critical task area, to enhance reduction in mortality and morbidity rate. Also, the education stakeholders/ nurse educators should take immediate steps to improve academic achievement/nursing skills by organizing seminars, conferences, workshops, inservice education. 
 
Nurse Adminstrators should consider the age or see it as a prerequisite for admission into schools of nursing. Also, the government, be it state or federal parastatal should allocate increased funding to health sectors for manpower development, infrastructures, free healthcare for the needy/ the poor to promote health for all 2015.

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