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World Diabetes Day 2017 By Frank. U. C RN. CIEH
Date Posted: 15/Nov/2017
Theme: 
Women and Diabetes, our right to a healthy future.Preventing Diabetes Complications, 7 Key Points 
 
Introduction
Diabetes, which is associated with a number of debilitating complications affecting the eyes, heart, kidneys, nerves and feet, is set to affect almost 700 million people by 2045. Over 350 million adults are currently at high risk of developing type 2 diabetes, the most prevalent form of the disease. One in two adults with diabetes remain undiagnosed, emphasizing the importance of screening and early diagnosis.Two-thirds of adults with diabetes are of working age and 8 million more adults living with diabetes are over 65 years old.
 
Definition
Diabetes mellitus (DM), commonly referred to as diabetes, is a group of metabolic disorders in which there are high blood sugar levels over a prolonged period. Diabetes is due to either the pancreas not producing enough insulin or the cells of the body not responding properly to the insulin produced.
 
Types
Type 1 DM: Results from the pancreas’s failure to produce enough insulin. Previously known to as “insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus” (IDDM) or “juvenile diabetes”. The cause is unknown. Primarily inherited.
 
Type 2 DM: Begins with insulin resistance, a condition in which cells fail to respond to insulin properly. Lack of insulin may also develop, as the condition progresses. Was previously known as “non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus” (NIDDM) or “adult-onset diabetes”. The most common cause is excessive body weight and not enough exercise. (Lifestyle and Genetics).
 
Gestational diabetes; This occurs when pregnant women without a previous history of diabetes develop high blood sugar levels.
 
Cardinal signs and symptoms;
Polyuria (increased urination).
Polydipsia (increased thirst).
Polyphagia (increased hunger).
 
Others may include; Weight loss, Fatigue, Headaches, Blurred vision, Lethargy etc.
 
The 7 Key Points of Preventing Complications:
1. Lose extra weight. A healthy weight helps control blood sugar levels.
 
2. Check your blood sugar level at least twice a day. Also, write it down so you can track your progress and note how food and activity affects your level.
 
3. Track your carbohydrates: Know how many carbs you’re eating and how often you eat them. Managing your carbs can help keep your blood sugar under control. Choose high fiber carbs, such as green vegetables, fruits, beans and whole grains.
 
4. Control your blood pressure and cholesterol levels. Diabetes makes heart disease more likely to develop, so keep an eye on your blood pressure level.
 
5. Ensure regular exercises; This can help you control your weight, blood pressure and cholesterol levels. 30 minutes a day aerobic exercise 5 days a week. Try walking, dancing, low-impact aerobics, swimming, tennis or a stationary bike.
 
6. Get enough sleep; When you’re sleep deprived, you tend to eat more and can put on weight, which leads to health problems. People with diabetes who get enough sleep often have healthier eating habits and improved blood sugar levels.
 
7. Manage your stress; Stress and diabetes don’t mix. Excess stress can elevate blood sugar levels. But you can find relief by sitting quietly for 15 minutes, meditating or practicing yoga. Moderate exercises also helps to relief stress.
 
Above all, ensure regular medical checkup with your healthcare practitioner.
 
Remember, Your health is your responsibility!

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