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Prostate Cancer Tips By Frank Ugwuzor RN, CIEH
Date Posted: 30/Sep/2017
World Prostate Awareness Month, September 2017. 
 
The Prostate Gland: Introduction/Definition
The prostate is a walnut-sized gland of the male reproductive system located between the bladder and the penis. It’s just in front of the rectum and the urethra runs through the center of the prostate, from the bladder to the penis, letting urine flow out of the body.
 
The prostate secretes fluid that nourishes and protects sperm during ejaculation, the prostate squeezes this fluid into the urethra and it is expelled with the sperm as semen.
 
Some of the prostate conditions include;
Prostatitis: inflammation of the prostate as a result of infection.
Enlarged prostate: Also called benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH) as a result of age.
 
Prostate cancer;
Also known as carcinoma or cancer of the prostate. Most prostate cancers are slow growing; however, some grow relatively quickly and can spread from the prostate to other parts of the body, particularly the bones and lymph nodes.
 
Note: Prostate cancer is second most deadly cancer in the world.
Causes
A complete understanding of the causes of prostate cancer remains elusive. However, the primary risk factors are;
 
• Obesity
 
• Age (above 40 years)
 
• Family history
 
Others include;
• Race (more in African Americans than white Americans)
 
• Diet (high consumption of red meat, processed meat or milk products)
 
• Medication exposures (some medications, medical exposures and conditions)
 
• Infectious diseases (such as STIs, chlamydia, gonorrhea and syphilis increases the risk)
 
• Sexual factor (multiple sexual partner and or starting sexual activity early in life)
 
Diagnoses
• Prostate imaging
 
• Biopsy
 
• Timor markers for Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) evaluations etc.
 
• Staging (T1, T2 T3&4)
 
Signs and symptoms
No clear symptoms in early prostate cancerHowever, some symptoms might include those of BPH such as;
 
• Frequent urination
 
• Nocturia (increased urination at night)
 
• Hematuria (blood in urine)
 
• Difficulty in starting and maintaining a steady stream of urine
 
• Dysuria (painful urination)
 
Prevention
Diet:
Choose a low fat diet (eat more of plant fat than animal fat) 
Increase the amount of fruits and vegetables per day.
Eat more fish (rich in Omega 3 fatty acid)
Reduce the amount of dairy products per day. 
Reduce red meat and processed meat consumption. 
Eat more soya and legumes, tea and coffee in moderation
 
Lifestyle modification
• Stop smoking 
 
• Maintain a healthy weight
 
• Ensure regular exercises
 
• Ensure regular medical checkup and know your PSA level from 40 years and above.
 
Your Health Is Your Responsibility! 

Upcoming American Heart Association Basic Life Support (BLS) Course for Health Care Providers

UPCOMING ASHI - ADVANCED CARDIAC LIFE SUPPORT (ACLS) COURSE

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