Register and Login
Forgot  Register
Nursing World Nigeria Logo
  • Get Free Nursing News Alert

Prostate Cancer Tips By Frank Ugwuzor RN, CIEH
Date Posted: 30/Sep/2017
World Prostate Awareness Month, September 2017. 
The Prostate Gland: Introduction/Definition
The prostate is a walnut-sized gland of the male reproductive system located between the bladder and the penis. It’s just in front of the rectum and the urethra runs through the center of the prostate, from the bladder to the penis, letting urine flow out of the body.
The prostate secretes fluid that nourishes and protects sperm during ejaculation, the prostate squeezes this fluid into the urethra and it is expelled with the sperm as semen.
Some of the prostate conditions include;
Prostatitis: inflammation of the prostate as a result of infection.
Enlarged prostate: Also called benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH) as a result of age.
Prostate cancer;
Also known as carcinoma or cancer of the prostate. Most prostate cancers are slow growing; however, some grow relatively quickly and can spread from the prostate to other parts of the body, particularly the bones and lymph nodes.
Note: Prostate cancer is second most deadly cancer in the world.
A complete understanding of the causes of prostate cancer remains elusive. However, the primary risk factors are;
• Obesity
• Age (above 40 years)
• Family history
Others include;
• Race (more in African Americans than white Americans)
• Diet (high consumption of red meat, processed meat or milk products)
• Medication exposures (some medications, medical exposures and conditions)
• Infectious diseases (such as STIs, chlamydia, gonorrhea and syphilis increases the risk)
• Sexual factor (multiple sexual partner and or starting sexual activity early in life)
• Prostate imaging
• Biopsy
• Timor markers for Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) evaluations etc.
• Staging (T1, T2 T3&4)
Signs and symptoms
No clear symptoms in early prostate cancerHowever, some symptoms might include those of BPH such as;
• Frequent urination
• Nocturia (increased urination at night)
• Hematuria (blood in urine)
• Difficulty in starting and maintaining a steady stream of urine
• Dysuria (painful urination)
Choose a low fat diet (eat more of plant fat than animal fat) 
Increase the amount of fruits and vegetables per day.
Eat more fish (rich in Omega 3 fatty acid)
Reduce the amount of dairy products per day. 
Reduce red meat and processed meat consumption. 
Eat more soya and legumes, tea and coffee in moderation
Lifestyle modification
• Stop smoking 
• Maintain a healthy weight
• Ensure regular exercises
• Ensure regular medical checkup and know your PSA level from 40 years and above.
Your Health Is Your Responsibility! 
Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided on this website and any material available from it is accurate. However, under no circumstances, including, but not limited to, negligence, shall as Published Authors be liable for any special, incidental or consequential damages that result from the use of, or the inability to use, the materials on this website. Nor does as Published Authors warrant or make any representations regarding the use or the results of the use of the information provided on this website and any material available from it in terms of its correctness, accuracy, reliability, or otherwise.
Nursingworld claims no credit for any images/videos featured on this site unless otherwise noted as being ours. All visual content is copyright to it’s respectful owners.
The views expressed here are solely those of the author in his/her private capacity and do not in any way represent the views of Nursingworld Nigeria.
Information on this site may contain errors or inaccuracies; we do not make warranty as to the correctness or reliability of the site’s content. If you own rights to any of the images or articles, and do not wish them to appear on this site, please contact us via e-mail and they will be promptly removed.

Advanced Cardiovascular Life Support Course (ACLS) 2018 Training Schedule

CLICK HERE: American Heart Association Basic Life Support Course (BLS) 2018 Training Schedule

Share this news with friends!!!
Make a Comment or ask a question relating to this news